Health Topics

Young people: health risks and solutions

Most young people are healthy. However, more that 2.6 million young people aged 10 to 24 die each year. A much greater number of young people suffer from illnesses which hinder their ability to grow and develop to their full potential. A greater number still engage in behaviours that jeopardize not only their current state of health, but often their health for years to come. Nearly two-thirds of premature deaths and one-third of the total disease burden in adults are associated with conditions or behaviours that began in their youth, including: tobacco use, a lack of physical activity, unprotected sex or exposure to violence.

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Obesity and overweight

What are overweight and obesity?

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.

Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. It is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2).

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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include:

  • coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle
  • cerebrovascular disease - disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain
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Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs. This process is referred to as metastasis. Metastases are the major cause of death from cancer.

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Sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are spread primarily through person-to-person sexual contact. There are more than 30 different sexually transmissible bacteria, viruses and parasites. Several, in particular HIV and syphilis, can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth, and through blood products and tissue transfer.

Some of the commonest sexually transmitted pathogens can be divided into those caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites.

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World No Tobacco Day 2010 focuses on the marketing of tobacco to women

World Health Organization28 MAY 2010 | GENEVA -- In observance of World No Tobacco Day 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) is urging global action to protect women and girls against the sickness and suffering caused by tobacco use.

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Flu - World Health Organization

The World Health Organization discusses the different types of flu.

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Join forces against HIV with your medical scheme

HIV is a PMB. No, this is not a rap song's lyrics; however, these acronyms are sure to put a bounce in your step when you see what they can do for your health and your pocket.

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Make the most of tax benefit 2010

Recent changes to the tax treatment of medical scheme contributions have opened the door to employers to provide more tax effective package structuring.

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Malaria - World Health Organization

About 3.3 billion people - half of the world's population - are at risk of malaria.

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